In keeping with the objective of this report, a few factors should be examined in more detail at this point, which, from the point of view of road safety, must be taken into account when choosing a vehicle, especially for young novice drivers. Good all-round visibility – supplemented when necessary with parking sensors or a vehicle backup camera – can significantly reduce the risk of collisions when parking and pulling out. The smallest possible turning circle with a short vehicle length in total can reduce stress when looking for parking spaces and parking.
Above all, good brakes contribute significantly to avoiding accidents or, at the very least, to mitigating their consequences. Independent vehicle tests show time and time again that there are even significant differences in this regard between new vehicles. The condition of the brakes also plays an important role in used vehicles. Both should be considered when buying a vehicle. However, even the best brakes are useless if you skimp on the tires. Tires that are too old or worn-out, cheap, poor-quality tires, wheel/tire combinations that do not match the vehicle and mixing tires can all have an extremely negative impact on driving dynamics and braking behavior and can also lead to accidents. The same applies to lowering that does not match the vehicle and poorly tuned lowering or other chassis modifications.
If the vehicle has to be personalized, this should be not be at the cost of safety. The reliability of vehicles usually plays an important role in the decision to buy them. Electronic systems are repeatedly mentioned as a source of error, with downtimes and high repair costs. However, this just not lead to a rejection of electronic driver assistance and safety systems. The ESP, or electronic stability program, is a must-have for any novice driver. Blind spot assistants, lane departure warning systems, traffic sign recognition and systems that warn you if you are approaching another vehicle too closely are currently not installed in numerous small cars on the used car market, but are definitely worth considering when buying a vehicle. It is also worth taking a closer look at the lighting. Xenon and LED headlights have also been available in the small car sector for some time, as have adaptive lighting systems. They offer young novice drivers in particular increased safety, especially if they often travel in rural areas. A highbeam assistant helps ensure that the high beams are always switched on whenever possible. Especially on curved stretches, having to switch to low beams while turning the steering wheel when oncoming traffic suddenly appears can lead to stressful situations or unintended steering motions for inexperienced drivers.
Small dents and scratches cannot always be avoided, but they reduce the price and make these types of vehicles attractive for novice drivers on a tight budget. Caution is advised, however, if the vehicle exhibits considerable rust marks or has damage from an accident that has not been repaired properly. Both of these can have a significant impact on passenger safety in the event of an accident. Repairs that are not carried out professionally can also have a negative impact on driving behavior and thus increase the risk of accidents. If in doubt, it is better to stay away from it or have the vehicle assessed by an independent expert.